This limestone windmill was built by Sir Moses Montefiore in 1857 to provide a source of income for his planned neighborhood of Mishkenot Sha'ananim, the first outside the city walls. Its usefulness was cut short when steam mills made their appearance, but in 2012, with Dutch and English expertise, the windmill was restored to working order.
Montefiore was a prominent figure in the financial circles of mid-19th-century London—a rare phenomenon for a Jew at the time. He married into the legendary Rothschild family, becoming the stockbroker of its London branch, and retired early. The larger-than-life philanthropist—he stood a remarkable 6 feet 3 inches tall—devoted much of his long life, and his wealth, to aiding fellow Jews in distress, wherever they might be. To this end he visited Palestine, as this district of the Ottoman Empire was then known, seven times. A replica of the carriage that conveyed him around the country is behind thick glass: its predecessor was torched by vandals.
Yemin Moshe St., Jerusalem, Israel