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Picturesque Benyamina, the youngest settlement in the area, was founded in 1922 and has several wineries. It was named after Baron Edmond de Rothschild, the head of the French branch of the famous family, who took a keen interest in the welfare of his fellow Jews in Palestine. (His Hebrew name was Benyamin.)
The advice of the viniculture experts Rothschild hired in the 1880s paid off handsomely, at least in this region—the fruit of the vines flourished in the 1890s. Rothschild's paternalistic system was not without its pitfalls, however; some of his administrators ruled his colonies like petty despots, trying, for instance, to impose the use of the French language on the local settlers, who wished to speak Hebrew. Language notwithstanding, the Binyamina Winery, the fourth largest in Israel, was founded in 1952; you can find it at the end of the village by following the Hebrew signs that show a bunch of grapes.
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