Farafra is the least populated of the four southern oasis, but perhaps the most geologically diverse, combining elements of Bahariya to the north, and Dakhla to the south—plus a few of its own. Its most celebrated attraction, the White Desert, is a plain of surreal, wind-scoured chalk monoliths that capture the imagination. The oasis also boasts several hot springs, dune fields, and a small lake that attracts migratory birds.
In pharaonic times Farafra was known as ta-iht, the "Land of the Cow." Today, agriculture still dominates the local economy and only a handful of people are involved in tourism. As a result, there are few touts, and few tourist facilities, but plenty of genuine smiles.