Cairo is a large, sprawling city of some 15 million people. The oldest parts of the city are the Coptic quarter (Mari Girgis), the Islamic quarter, and the Citadel. The Downtown area along the river dates from the mid-19th century. Newer-planned areas such as Heliopolis and Mohandiseen are more European in feel and scope. Giza is really a relatively new development, having been built between the pyramids and modern-day Cairo, so that there is scarcely a gap now.
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