Considered the greatest Mamluk sultan, al-Nasir ruled on three different occasions, for a total of 42 years (AD 1293–1340). It was during al-Nasir's reign that Egypt took advantage of its geographical location and gained control of the lucrative maritime trade routes that connected England with China. Al-Nasir built more than 30 mosques, the aqueduct from the Nile to the Citadel, and a canal from Cairo to Alexandria. Eight of his sons ruled Egypt in the 21 years following
If Qalaun's complex has Gothic influences, all the more so his son's madrasa (built in 1304). In fact the entrance was literally lifted from a Crusader church in Acre. The minaret, with its delicate stuccowork, is one of the finest in the city. Little of interest can be found inside.
Shar'a al-Mu'iz, Cairo, Egypt