Japanese Travel Phrases

Japanese Speaking Destinations

Japanese

Konnichiwa! Welcome to the Fodor's Japanese Language Page, brought to you by the language experts at Living Language. Here you'll find over 150 essential phrases for your trip.

For more Japanese language and cultural tips, visit the Living Language Japanese Blog.

Fodor's Travel Phrases

Take Japanese Travel Phrases on the go!

Download for:

General

Japanese is spoken by more than 130 million people; it is the official language of Japan. Japanese uses a writing system of three different scripts: kanji (Chinese-based characters), hiragana, and katakana. Romaji, a latin-alphabet based writing system, is sometimes used as well.

Pronunciation

The pronunciation of Japanese is fairly straightforward; some vowels and consonants have a slight variation from their English counterpart, but for the most part, Japanese reads very phonetically in romaji.

Certain consonants are pronounced a bit differently than they are pronounced in English: f is pronounced by blowing air through the teeth, like a cross between the initial sounds in feed and who, and r is pronounced with a flap of the tongue against the back of the teeth, almost like the "flapped" t sound in petty. When two consonants appear together together, they are pronounced individually. When two vowels appear together, they should be elongated.

You may also notice that the vowels i and u are "voiceless," or whispered when surrounded by voiceless consonants (ch, f, h, k, p, s, sh, t, and ts) or when preceded by a voiceless consonant and followed by a silence or pause (as at the end of a sentence).

All syllables receive the same amount of emphasis in Japanese, and the intonation in Japanese rises at the end of a question, and falls at the end of a statement.

Vocabulary

While most Japanese words will seem very unfamiliar to you, there are certain words that are borrowed from English that may be easy for you to recognize: resutoran (restaurant), beekarii (bakery), apaato (apartment), basu (bus), ranpu (lamp), teeburu (table), DVD pureeyaa (DVD player), kooto (coat), duresu (dress), burausu (blouse), sangurasu (sunglasses), paachii (party), intaanetto (internet), juusu (juice), basukettobooru (basketball). Notice that these borrowings from English are modified to conform with Japanese phonology, which dictates that each separate consonate sound be followed by a vowel sound.

Grammar

If you want to learn to speak Japanese, you're going to have to deal with a few issues that we don't have in English.

Advertisement